Much confusion about these.
Let's use a military analogy to shed some light.
Strategy entails deciding where, when and with what forces to fight the battle.
Tactics entails deciding how to fight the battle.
In a large organization, therefore, strategy entails answering questions like:
- What markets do we want to be in?
- What segments do we want to focus on?
- What technologies will we focus on?
- What resources (factories, design centres, distribution channels & centers, etc) will we use in each market?
Such questions are usually linked to deeply thought out company policies.
Tactics is about translation of strategy at the local level -- and about execution, which entails answering questions like:
- How will we fight this particular battle -- in this region, market, product line/value stream?
- What specific actions are required by each site, department & team?
- How will be deploying these actions?
- How will we monitor & adjust these actions?
- How will we engage our people?
- How will we build capability so that our future is bright?
Here's a military aphorism: "Any damn fool can make a strategy. It's the execution that screws you up!"
Strategy Deployment (Hoshin Kanri) is the planning & execution system that translates strategy into concrete tactics, and provides the means of execution.
Getting the Right Things Done and The Remedy illustrates what this looks & feels like.
Trust that helps.
More to come.